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Acupuncture Research & Information Resources

New Scientific Research

Acupuncture for Vascular Dementia: A Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trial. (Hindawi)
Our study shows that additional acupuncture to routine care may have beneficial effects on the improvements of cognitive status and activities of daily living but have limited efficacy on health-related quality of life in VaD patients.

Effectiveness of Acupuncture as an Adjunctive Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Medical Acupuncture)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic debilitating disease and a common problem for Indonesian people. Medical care for DM is multifaceted, so complementary and alternative medicine may be beneficial for people with diabetes.

Somatosensory stimulation and assisted reproduction. (Acupuncture in Medicine)
The role of somatosensory stimulation (acupuncture and related techniques) as an adjunct to assisted reproductive technology (ART) has been hotly debated over the past decade. 

Acupuncture and Multiple Sclerosis: A Review of the Evidence (Hindawi)
Although many of the studies suggested that acupuncture was successful in improving MS related symptoms, lack of statistical rigor and poor study design make it difficult to draw any conclusions about the true effectiveness of this intervention in the MS population.

Anti-inflammatory Acupuncture Protects From Adhesions (HealthCMi)
The research team concludes, “EA (electroacupuncture) ST36 might reduce the postoperative local inflammatory response, attenuate the angiogenesis and alleviate the adhesion formation partly via activating the cholinergic anti-inflammatory mechanism.”

Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine for Cancer Patients 2014 (PMC)
The global demand for CAM makes it mandatory to investigate its scientific evidence basis. … For this year's special issue, the editors were able to gather a panel of scientists from different fields working on innovative topics.   

Acupuncture for smoking cessation: where now? (Acupuncture in Medicine) 
Those who chose acupuncture showed several apparent benefits in comparison with those who did not, including improved program completion rates and increased long-term smoking cessation.

Low-dose laser acupuncture for non-specific chronic low back pain: a double-blind randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)
Laser acupuncture using energy density range (0-4 J/cm(2)) for the treatment of chronic non-specific LBP resulted in clinical improvement unrelated to laser stimulation.

Connectomics: A New Direction in Research to Understand the Mechanism of Acupuncture. (Hindawi)
In this paper, an overview of connectomics application in acupuncture research will be discussed, with special emphasis on present findings of acupuncture and its influence on cerebral FC. 

Increased DNA fragmentation and ultrastructural changes in fibromyalgic muscle fibres. (NCBI)
The ultrastructural changes described suggest that patients with FM are characterised by abnormalities in muscle tissue that include increased DNA fragmentation and changes in the number and size of mitochondria. These cellular changes are not signs of apoptosis. Persistent focal contractions in muscle may contribute to ultrastructural tissue abnormalities as well as to the induction and/or chronicity of nociceptive transmission from muscle to the central nervous system.

Effect of Zhubin (KI9) acupuncture in reducing alcohol craving in patients with alcohol dependence: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. (PubMed)
Real-needle acupuncture therapy on Zhubin (KI9) showed effectiveness in reducing alcohol craving.

Acupuncture Use among American Adults: What Acupuncture Practitioners Can Learn from National Health Interview Survey 2007? (NCBI)
Findings demonstrate that people not only use acupuncture as a complementary and alternative approach to conventional treatment, but also use it as a preventive modality to promote general health.

Auricular point acupressure to manage chronic low back pain in older adults: a randomized controlled pilot study. (PubMed)
This prospective, randomized clinical trial (RCT) pilot study was designed to (1) assess the feasibility and tolerability of an easily administered, auricular point acupressure (APA) intervention and (2) provide an initial assessment of effect size as compared to a sham treatment. 

National Institutes of Health

Combined Health Information Database (CHID)
7830 Old Georgetown Road, Suite 204 
Bethesda, MD 20814 
E-mail: chid@aeric.com 

CHID Online is a searchable and user-friendly database produced by more than a dozen health-related agencies of the Federal Government This database provides titles, abstracts, and availability information for health information and health education resources, including acupuncture and Chinese medicine.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) Clearinghouse
PO. Box 9218 
Silver Spring, MD 209071-8218 
Telephone and TTY/TDY: l-888-644-6226 
Fax: 301-495-4957 
E-mail: nccamc@altmedinfo.org

The NCCAM Clearinghouse, the information arm of NIH's NCCAM, provides information about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), including acupuncture, and the activities of the NCCAM. The NCCAM Web site has acupuncture information and provides links to the Web sites of 13 CAM research centers (sponsored by the NCCAM), some of which are conducting acupuncture research.

NIH Consensus Program Information Center 
P.O. Box 2577 
Kensington, MD 20891 
Telephone: 1-888- 644-2667 
Fax: 301-593-9485 
E-mail: consensus_statement@nih.gov 

The Center provides free single copies of the Acupuncture Consensus Conference Statement, the 138-page Program and Abstracts booklet, a bibliography of more than 2,000 citations, and other information on NIH conferences. The statement is located online.

U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) MEDLINE
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20894
Telephone: 1-888-346-3656
Fax: 301-102-1384
Email: custserv@nIm.nih.gov

The world's largest biomedical library containing more than 9 million scientific and biomedical articles.


An online consumer health information tool.


Books: Information about more than 100 acupuncture books written for the public is located online at Acupuncture.com.

A Manual of Acupuncture, by Peter Deadman and Mazin Al-Khafaji (East Sussex, England: Journal of Chinese Medicine Publications, 1998). A detailed guidebook to descriptions of the theories and actual specific methods of acupuncture. It provides information on the c channels, collaterals. point categories, point selection methods, point location, and needling.

Basics of Acupuncture, by Gabriel Stux (Editor) and Bruce Pomerantz (Berlin, Germany: Springer Vertigo 1995). The most recent of several widely used texts by acupuncture researchers. (Order through AAMA)

Between Heaven and Earth: A Guide to Chinese Medicine, by Harriet Beinfield and Efrain Korngold (New York, NY. Ballantine Books, 1991). An overview of Chinese medicine, with case histories of treatments and illustrated explanations of philosophy, components, and treatments.

Principles and Practice of Contemporary Acupuncture, by Sung J. Liao, Matthew Lee, and Lorenz K.Y Ng (New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, 1994). Contains translations of ancient Chinese medical classics previously unavailable in English. Compares and contrasts traditional Chinese and Western scientific medicine.

The Chinese Way to Healing - Many Paths to Wholeness, by Misha Ruth Cohen (New York, NY: The Berkeley Publishing Group, 1996). A guidebook to Chinese medicine in the United States with information about diet herbs, acupuncture, and finding qualified practitioners.

The Web That Has No Weaver, by Ted Kaptchuk (New York-, NY: Congdon and Weed, 1992). An introduction to traditional Chinese medicine, with comparisons of Eastern and Western medical treatments. (Order through AAMA)

The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, by Maoshing Ni, (Boston, MA: Shambala Press, 1995). A contemporary translation of the classic traditional Chinese medicine text that dates from 2000 B.C.


These periodicals contain information about acupuncture research studies, techniques, effects, and use. Look for "peer reviewed" journals, which publish studies reviewed by researchers in the field to ensure suitability for publication.

Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research
Cognizant Communications Corporation 
3 Hartsdale Road 
Elmsford, NY 10523-3701 
Telephone: 914-592-7720 
Fax: 914-592-8981 
E-mail: cogcomm@aol.com

A peer-reviewed quarterly in its 23rd year and indexed/abstracted in MEDLINE.

Alternative Medicine Review: A Journal of Clinical Therapeutics
Thorne Research, Inc. 
Box 3200 Sandpoint, ID 8386 
Telephone: 208-263-1337 
Fax: 208-265-2488 
E-mail: altmedrev@thorne.com

A peer-reviewed bi-monthly journal indexed/abstracted in MEDLINE.

Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
InnoVision Communications 
101 Columbia Avenue 
Aliso Viejo, CA 92656 
Telephone: 1-800-899-1712 
E-mail: alttherapy@aol.com

A peer-reviewed quarterly indexed/abstracted in MEDLINE.

American Journal of Acupuncture
1840 41st Avenue, Suite 102
Capitola, CA 95010 
Telephone: 831-175-1700 
Fax: 831-175-1439

A quarterly peer-reviewed journal.

American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Institute for Advanced Research in Asian Science and Medicine 
P.O. Box 555 
Garden City, NY 11530 
Telephone: 617-739-1182 
Fax. 617-739-1183

A peer-reviewed journal published three times a year and indexed/abstracted in MEDLINE.

European Journal of Oriental Medicine
179 Gloucester Place 
London NW1 6DX 
United Kingdom 
Telephone: 01717 245756

A quarterly research journal.

Guideposts: Acupuncture in Recovery
J&M Reports 
7402 NE Keith Street 
Vancouver,WA 98662-5207 
Telephone: 360-254-0186 
Fax: 360-260-8620

A newsletter concerning acupuncture used to treat addiction, alcoholism, and mental health problems.

Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice and Policy
Mary Ann Liebert, Publisher 
2 Madison Avenue 
Larchmont, NY 10538 
Telephone: 1-800-654-3278 or 914-834-3100 
Fax: 914-834-3688 
Email: info@liebertpub.com

A quarterly journal abstracted/indexed in MEDLINE.

Journal of Chinese Medicine
22 Cromwell Road 
Hove BN3 3EB 
United Kingdom 
Telephone: 01273 748588 
Fax: 0 1273 748588 
E-mail: jcm@pavilion.co.uk 

A professional journal published three times a year.

Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Co-sponsored by the China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy and the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Distributed by the American Center of Chinese Medicine 
3121 Park Avenue, Suite J 
Soquel, CA 95073 

A quarterly journal on clinical and theoretical research that is indexed/abstracted in MEDLINE.


Acupuncture Canada (formerly AFCI)
109-895 Don Mills Road, Tower II
Toronto, Ontario M3C 1W3
Tel: 416-752-3988
Fax: 416-752-4398
Email: info@acupuncturecanada.org

American Academy of Medical Acupuncture

Medical Acupuncture Research Organization 
2512 Artesia Blvd, Ste 200
Redondo Beach, CA 90278
Telephone: 310/379-8261
Fax: 310/379-8283
E-mail: info@medicalacupuncture.org

A professional association of medical doctors who practice acupuncture. The academy provides a referral list of doctors who practice acupuncture. It also provides general information about acupuncture. legislative representation, publications, meetings, and proficiency examinations.

American Association of Oriental Medicine
433 Front Street 
Catasauqua, PA 18032 
Telephone: 610-266-1433 
Fax: 610-264-2768 
E-mail. aaom1@aol.com 

A nonprofit professional organization of acupuncturists and practitioners of Oriental medicine. The association determines standards of practice and education through the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. It also funds research and provides a list of acupuncturists and Oriental medicine practitioners by geographic area. The association provides articles and fact sheets, membership and licensing information, a list of acupuncture schools, and a list of state acupuncture associations.

American TCM Association

A non-profit organization registered January 2016, in Florida, U.S.A. under the name “American TCM Association” or ATCMA. The ATCMA is a professional association for the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) profession, established with strong support from the TCM American Alumni Association (TCMAAA), college faculty members and experts, and experienced practitioners.  The Association aims to become the leading professional organization for TCM practitioners in the U.S.

British Medical Acupuncture Society 
Newton House, Newton Lane 
Whitley, Warrington, Cheshire WA4 4JA 
United Kingdom 
Telephone: 01925 730727 
Fax: 01925 730492 
E-mail: bmasadmin@aol.com

A group of doctors who practice acupuncture with more conventional treatments. The Society produces the journal Acupuncture in Medicine, published twice per year, covering original research and reviews.

Foundation for Traditional Chinese Medicine
122A Acomb Road 
York Y02 4EY 
United Kingdom 
Telephone: 01904 785120 
Fax: 01904 784828 
E-mail: monica@dipactcm.demon.co.uk

The Foundation funds the Acupuncture Research Resource Center and provides information about acupuncture research listed by condition, including migraine and lower back pain.

International Council of Medical Acupuncture and Related Techniques
Rue de I'Amazone 62 
1060 Brussels 
Telephone: 03225 393900 
Fax: 03225 393692 
E-mail: fbeyens@arcadis.be

A nonprofit organization created in 1983 of more than 40 national acupuncture-related associations of medical doctors practicing acupuncture and/or related techniques.

National Acupuncture at A Oriental Medicine Alliance
14637 Starr Road SE 
Olalla, WA 98359 
Telephone: 253-851-6896 
Fax, 253-851-6883 

A professional society of at state-licensed, registered, or certified acupuncturists, with membership open to consumers, schools, organizations corporate sponsors, and health care providers The Alliance lists thousands of acupuncturists across the country on its Web site and provides information about them to callers to their information and referral line. The Alliance requires documentation of state license or national board certification from all acupuncturists it lists.

National Acupuncture Detoxification Association
PO. Box 1927 
Vancouver WA 98668-1927 
Telephone: I-888-705-6232 
Fax: 805-909-6051

A nonprofit organization that training and consultation for more than 500 drug and alcohol acupuncture treatment programs run by local agencies. The organization's clearinghouse provides a library of audiotapes, videotapes, and literature on using acupuncture to treat addiction and mental disorders.

National Acupuncture Foundation 
PO. Box 2271 
Gig Harbor. WA 98335-4271 
Telephone: 253-851-6538 
Fax: 253-851-6538

The Foundation publishes books, including the Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Law Book and the Clean Needle Technique Manual. The Foundation filed the U.S. Food and Drug Administration needle reclassification petition of 1996.

Society for Acupuncture Research
6900 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 700 
Bethesda, MD 20815 
Telephone: 301-571-0624 
Fax: 301-961-5340

A nonprofit organization that facilitates the scientific evaluation of acupuncture.

Training and Credentialling Organizations

Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 1270 
Silver Spring, MD 20910 
Telephone: 301-608-9680 
Fax: 301-608-9576 
E-mail: 73352.2467@compuserve.com

The Commission, established in 1982, evaluates professional master's degree and first professional master's-level certificate and diploma programs in acupuncture and Oriental medicine, with concentrations in both acupuncture and herbal therapy.

Council of Colleges of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 1270 
Silver Spring, MD 20910 
Telephone: 301-608-9175 
Fax: 301-608-9576 

This Council was formed in 1982 and has developed academic and clinical guidelines and core curriculum requirements for master's and doctoral programs in acupuncture as well I as acupuncture and Oriental medicine.

NAFTA Acupuncture Commission 
Standards Management, Inc. 
14637 Starr Road SE 
Olalla, WA 98359 
Telephone: 253-851-6896 
Fax: 253-851-6883

This group doctors, and naturopathic doctors meet to exchange information and discuss training standards of "competence" for the practice of acupuncture and Oriental medicine in North America. including Mexico and Canada.

National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
Canal Center Plaza, Suite 300
Alexandria, VA 22314 
Telephone: 703-548-9004
Fax: 703-548-9079 
E-mail: info@nccaom.org 

This Commission was established in 1982 to implemented nationally recognized; standards of competence for the practice of acupuncture and Oriental medicine. It provides information and program, on certification standards for acupuncturists.

Online Resources 

The Internet is one of the fastest ways to access health information, but much of this information is not controlled or reviewed by qualified health professionals. Approach information from the Internet with caution, as it may be misleading, incorrect, or even dangerous.

A site sponsored by the National Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Alliance with general information on acupuncture and Oriental medicine, referrals to practitioners, legislative status, national issues, conferences and workshops, publications, and information for potential students.

Describes and summarizes acupuncture procedures, areas of research, and other pertinent information from multiple sources.

Medical Matrix
A gateway to clinical medical resources, including numerous medical journals.

National Library of Medicine. Current Bibliographies in Medicine - Acupuncture
Bibliographies of 2,302 scientific papers collected between January 1970 and October 1997.

Summarizes studies on dental pain, migraine and headache, lower back pain, cervical pain. tennis elbow, dysinenorrhea (menstrual disorders), addiction, respiratory conditions, cardiovascular fitness, stroke, nausea, and sleep disorders.
The NIH does not endorse any of the listed above. You, as a health care consumer, are encouraged to explore these resources fully to determine their relevancy , position on treatment, relative cost, and background of authors or staff. You may wish to discuss this information with your doctor, who can assist you in critically evaluating all resources for their relevance to your diagnoses and circumstances.